IRS Shifts Crypto Tax Reporting Policy for 2023

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Over the past few years, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has progressively modified its approach to cryptocurrency reporting on tax returns. This reflects the changing perception of digital asset transactions and ownership.

The changes from 2021 to 2023 demonstrate the IRS’s increasing focus on the taxation of digital currencies.

IRS Modifies Crypto Tax Reporting Rule

In the 2021 tax season, the IRS’s approach to cryptocurrency was relatively new. The tax form for that year included a question regarding the acquisition or disposition of any virtual currency. The IRS placed this question on Form 1040, the US Individual Income Tax Return.

It specifically asked taxpayers if they had received, sold, exchanged, or otherwise disposed of any financial interest in virtual currency. This marked one of the first major steps by the IRS to systematically identify and tax crypto transactions.

Moving into 2022, the IRS expanded and clarified its digital asset question. The revised question on Form 1040 for 2022 inquired if taxpayers had received, sold, exchanged, gifted, or otherwise disposed of a digital asset or a financial interest in a digital asset.

Read more: The Ultimate US Crypto Tax Guide for 2023

This modification was significant because it provided greater clarity on what constituted a reportable transaction. It also included the aspect of gifting digital assets, which was not explicitly mentioned in the previous year’s tax forms.

For the 2023 tax season, the IRS has notably broadened its digital asset inquiry. The enhanced question is now featured in a wider range of forms. This includes Forms 1040, 1040-SR, 1040-NR, 1041, 1065, 1120, and 1120S. This updated question covers various digital asset transactions, such as receiving digital assets as rewards or payments and disposing of digital assets in various ways.

Updated 1040 US IRS Tax Return Form. Source: IRS

Other Related Changes

The US Treasury Department and IRS have recently revised their approach to crypto tax reporting, specifically regarding transactions over $10,000. Initially, these transactions were subject to the same stringent reporting requirements as cash, placing a significant compliance burden on crypto-sector companies.

Recognizing digital assets’ unique challenges and characteristics, the Treasury has opted to temporarily ease these rules. This move signals a shift towards a more adaptable regulatory approach as the government prepares to introduce formal regulations.

Read more: How to Reduce Your Crypto Tax Liability: A Comprehensive Guide

Before new regulations are established during this interim period, the public can participate in shaping the future framework for digital asset transactions. The Treasury plans to release detailed rules and procedures and invites public feedback through written submissions and a public hearing.

This participatory process underscores the government’s commitment to creating well-informed regulations that accommodate the complexities of the digital asset market, balancing the need for regulatory oversight with the dynamic nature of financial technologies.


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